NOTE BY BABU ABHILAS CHANDRA MUKERJI.                       253


Date of origin.—In 1867 Babu Ananda Chandra Kali or Kailai, of Dhamrai, a village
in thana Sabhar of the Dacca district, first started the worship at the house of his father-in-
law at Fattehpur in the Atia pargana of the Mymensingh district (sub-division Tangail).

Antecedents of the originator.—Dhamrai is an important village in the Dacca district
noted for its car festival, which is annually held in honour of a local idol named Madhab Thakur,
and which is witnessed by a large gathering of people.

Ananda Chandra received education at the Dacca Normal School. After leaving school
he served for some time as a pundit (schoolmaster), and then entered the Police Department,
but was there only a short time. He is a Barendra Brahman and belongs to a respectable
family. He learnt to smoke ganja when he was only a boy. His present age is 60 years,
He has the reputation of being a versifier. He smokes two pice worth of ganja every day.

He married at Fattehpur in the Mymensingh district. There he introduced Trinath
worship 27 years ago. A panchali (poem) reciting the praises and exploits of Trinath was
first published at Dacca in 1871 and the first edition (1,000 copies) was sold in a few months.

The circumstances under which the worship was first started.—Ananda Chandra Kali was
at the time living in the house of his father-in-law. He was thinking of introducing the
worship of a common god, who might be worshipped by all classes, rich and poor, Brahman
and Chandal, and by all creeds, Saktas, Baishnavas, and Shaivas, and the idea occurred to
him of having the present worship at which ordinary and inexpensive things, such as ganja,
oil, and betel-leaf, were alone to be used.

Trinath (from Sanskrit Tri, three, and Nath, lord) is represented to be Brahma, Bishnu
and Shiva, the Hindu Trinity in one.

Being a ganja-smoker himself Ananda Kali may have also thought that by introducing
the worship he would be able to save the ganja-smokers from disrepute, as then ganja could
be consumed in the name of a god and under colour of doing a religious or pious act.

Religious aspect of the worship.—The following translation of the Introduction to the
Trinath Mela Panchali gives some idea of the subject:—

"The universe consists of the earth, the heaven, and the nether world, and Trinath is the
lord of these three worlds.

"There was an incarnation of God in the form of Gour (Chaitanya), who delivered
the sinners by preaching the name of Hari, but the Lord was not satisfied with this, and be-
came concerned for the created, and soon he became incarnate again. Brahma, Bishnu and
Shiva, gods in three forms, manifested themselves in one form. The one God, the Lord of
the universe, seeing the miseries of mankind, came to their deliverance. Ananda (Ananda
Chandra Kali, the originator) declares that the true and sincere worshippers of Trinath are
sure to obtain salvation. Brahma, Bishnu, and Shiva met together and expressed their desire
to come to this world in one form to receive worship.

"He is a truly pious man who worships Trinath, and blessings are showered on the wor-

"The worship should be made in a form in which the rich and the poor may equally join
and may perform it easily.

"Only three things, each worth one pice, are required for this puja (form of worship).
The things which please all must be selected. The offering should consist of siddhi (ganja),
pan (betel-leaf), and oil, each worth one pice.

"The votaries should assemble at night and worship with flowers. The ganja should be
washed in the manner in which people wash ganja for smoking. The worshipper must fill
three chillums with equal quantities of ganja, observing due awe and reverence. When all
the worshippers are assembled the lamp should be lit with three wicks, and the praises of Tri-
nath should be sung. As long as the wicks burn, the god should be worshipped and his
praises chanted. The god should be reverentially bowed to at the close of the puja. When
the reading of the Panchali is finished, those that will not show respect to the Prasad (the
offering which has been accepted by the god), i.e., chillum of ganja, shall be consigned to
eternal hell, and the sincere worshippers shall go to heaven."

How the worship spread.—Ananda Kali commenced the puja with the aid of some ganja-
smokers in the village of Fattehpur. A large number of people consume ganja in the Dacca